MEDYAJANS
22. 11. 2019
WİKİNEWS NEW PAGES
Wikinews - New pages [en]
  • Researchers break down deaths due to power plant pollution in the United States

    Darkfrog24: Did not mention small generators.


    {{develop}}
    {{Environment}}
    {{date|November 21, 2019}} <!-- substitutes the date automatically; you don't need to modify the template -->

    In findings published yesterday<!--Wednesday--> in ''Environmental Science and Technology'', researchers from the {{w|University of Washington}} report that premature deaths in the [[United States]] attributable to the pollution produced by power plants were disproportionately caused by coal, that race was a significant factor in who was affected, and that most of the pollution crossed state lines.
    [[File:Jeffrey_EC_at_night.jpg|thumb|left|A coal power plant in 2008.{{image|Commons:Special:Contributions/Bounzie66|Bounzie66}}]]
    The study focused on particulate matter or PM<sub>2.5</sub>, specifically airborne particles under 2.5 micrometers in diameter. To track the movement of these particles across the United States, the research team established a {{w|reduced complexity model}}, which can complete analyses faster than traditional models, which allowed the team to include almost every power plant in the country in their study<!--EOS-->.

    Particulate matter in the air, like that produced at power plants, can cause lung problems, heart attacks and stroke, which then lead to premature death. In the United States alone, particulate matter is indirectly responsible for 100,000 deaths annually.

    According to the study, in 2014, there were 16,000 premature deaths in the United States that could be attributed to power plants, an estimated 91% of them from coal. They also found that most of the people who died were affected by pollution generated in another state. For example, 37% of the power plant pollution that reaches [[Ohio]] comes from plants in nearby [[Indiana]].

    "We looked at emissions from different types of power plants -- including coal, natural gas, diesel and oil power plants -- and modeled how the pollutants would travel based on things like wind patterns or rain. We also consider how emissions can react in the atmosphere to form fine particle air pollution," said the study's lead author, doctoral candidate Maninder Thind. "That gave us a map of pollution concentrations across the country. Then we overlaid that map with data from the census to get an estimate of where people live and how this pollution results in health impacts."

    Even after adjusting for economic factors, the deaths were stratified by race, with black Americans the most likely to die from this type of pollution, 7 premature deaths per 100,000 people. They were followed by whites, at 6 per 100,000, and 4 per 100,000 for all other racial groups in the country. The researchers found that income did affect people's level of exposure but to a far less pronounced extent, 1 per 100,000 for every US$10,000 of annual income<!--EOS-->.

    "We've seen in our previous research that our society is more segregated by race than by income, and now it's showing up again with air pollution from electricity generation emissions," another co-author, civil and environmental engineering professor Julian Marshall. "These results can help local, state or national governments make more informed decisions that will improve everyone's air quality and quality of life."

    "It's especially relevant these days because of what the federal government is doing—or actually not doing—around air pollution and around these issues in general," Marshall said in a separate interview.<!--EOS-->

    {{haveyoursay}}

    ==External links==

    *{{source|title=Fine Particulate Air Pollution from Electricity Generation in the US: Health Impacts by Race, Income, and Geography|author=Maninder P.S. Thind, Christopher W. Tessum,Inês L. Azevedo,Julian D. Marshall|url=https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.est.9b02527|pub=Environmental Science and Technology|date=November 20, 2019}}

    == Sources ==

    *{{source
    |url = https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-11/uow-efe111519.php
    |title = Emissions from electricity generation lead to premature deaths for some racial groups
    |author = University of Washington
    |pub = Eurekalert.org
    |date = November 21, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url =https://eos.org/articles/some-communities-feel-the-effects-of-air-pollution-more-than-others
    |title = Some Communities Feel the Effects of Air Pollution More Than Others
    |author = Sarah Derouin
    |pub = Eos
    |date = November 20, 2019
    }}

    [[CAT:Health]][[CAT:United States]][[CAT:Environment]][[CAT:Science and technology]]


  • Tottenham fires manager

    Baozon90:


    {{develop}}
    {{date|November 19, 2019}} <!-- substitutes the date automatically; you don't need to modify the template -->

    Tottenham fired it's manager.

    {{haveyoursay}}

    == Sources ==

    *{{source
    |url = https://www.cbssports.com/soccer/news/tottenham-fires-manager-mauricio-pochettino-jose-mourinho-reportedly-being-looked-as-replacement/
    |title =
    |author =
    |pub =
    |date = <!-- in the form of MONTH, DATE, YEAR, example: May 10, 2017 -->
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.bbc.com/sport/football/50482268
    |title =
    |author =
    |pub =
    |date = <!-- in the form of MONTH, DATE, YEAR, example: May 10, 2017 -->
    }}

    [[Category:Tottenham]]


  • Is Obama Right about this impeachment hearing?

    Pi zero: tag


    {{notnews}}

    Former President Barack Obama Criticized the Democratic Party, or some of the left wing officials about the impeachment hearings on President Donald J Trump. Why did Obama Criticized his own party about this you may ask? Well, Barack Obama is a different kind of Democrat, study shows that the Democratic Party Changed in the year of 2016, the most challenging decision in any voters life; between Hillary Clinton for the Democratic Party Nominee, and Donald Trump Political Nominee. Barack Obama, was more of the Older Democrat and when I say older, early 2000's Democrat. The differences between the Democratic Party then and now, would be back then. The Democratic Party wasn't as extreme as it was today, is extreme a bad thing? Absolutely not, your views are your views and that is your opinion. However, he things differently than the Modern generation of Democrats do now; my name is Jonathan Bell; a High school Student in the state of Missouri. This is an opinionated post.


  • Slippery business: Materials scientists invent new coating for self-cleaning, water-efficient toilets

    Darkfrog24: Consistent punctuation, around "U.S." vs "US"


    {{Science and technology}}
    {{date|November 21, 2019}}

    In findings published on Monday in ''{{w|Nature (journal)|anchor=Publication|Nature Sustainability}}'', researchers mostly from [[Pennsylvania State University]] (Penn State) in the [[United States|U.S.]] reported the invention of a new coating that could reduce bacterial growth, water waste, and odor when sprayed onto an ordinary house toilet by rendering its surface too slippery for anything to remain attached for long.
    [[File:Toilet in german theater munich.JPG|thumb|left|A nice clean toilet. {{image|[[Commons:Special:Contributions/Usein|Usein]]}}]]

    According to the research team, half of all people worldwide are affected by limits on their water supply, while daily fresh water usage to flush the planet's roughly 1 billion toilets and flush urinals is upwards of 141 billion {{w|liter|liters}} (about 37 billion {{w|U.S. gallons}}, 31 billion {{w|imperial gallons}}); which they note is several times larger than the total rate of water consumption for the continent of Africa. Inventions that render the facilities more water-efficient, they reason, could have a profound impact on wastewater management, sustainable water use, and sanitation,<!--study abstract and Eurekalert--> possibly cutting the amount of water used to flush waste by, reportedly, a factor of two.

    "Our team" study co-author Tak-Sing Wong said in a press release "has developed a robust bio-inspired, liquid, sludge-, and bacteria-repellent coating that can essentially make a toilet self-cleaning[.]" Wong is Penn State's Wormley Early Career Professor of Engineering and an associate professor of mechanical engineering and biomedical engineering.<!--Eureka-->

    Co-developer Jing Wang recounted, "When we put that coating on a toilet in the lab and dump synthetic fecal matter on it, [the synthetic fecal matter] just completely slides down and nothing sticks to [the coated surface.]"

    The more something sticks to a surface, the more water it takes to rinse it off. The researchers reported inventing a coating good at resisting substances that are sticky and vary profoundly in viscosity across their mass&mdash;like human fecal matter.<!--abstract, translated into plain English--> They also reported the coating repels bacteria, which has implications for preventing the spread of disease and certainly reduces smells.<!--Eureka-->

    The invention, called a ''liquid-entrenched smooth surface'' (LESS) coating, involves two separate treatments, both presented as suitable for spraying onto {{w|ceramics}} amongst other materials. The first spray is made of molecularly grafted polymers, specifically {{w|polydimethylsiloxane}} silicone<!--SciAm-->, that Wang described as resembling human hairs &mdash; though vastly thinner &mdash; once it has dried on the target surface, which makes the surface very smooth. The second spray covers the target surface in silicone<!--SciAm--> lubricant. According to the report, the two-spray process is complete in under five minutes and lasts for roughly 500 flushes before requiring reapplication. Existing treatments have tended to take hours to set.<!--Eureka-->

    Carl Hensman of the {{w|Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation}}, which offered a contest for redesigning the toilet some years ago, noted the ingredients in the sprays are also found in commonly used products like &mdash; in the case of the first spray &mdash; toothpaste, and are unlikely to pollute nearby water supplies; though he also remarked that, because the spray wears off, it was unlikely to be used widely in developing countries as the researchers claim to hope.

    Wong and three of his co-authors have started a company, {{w|spotLESS Materials}}, to transform their invention into a product. He remarked, "As a researcher in an academic setting, my goal is to invent things that everyone can benefit from [...] As a Penn Stater, I see this culture being amplified through entrepreneurship, and I'm excited to contribute." They have received support from the Rice Business Plan Competition, Ben Franklin Technology Partners' TechCelerator, {{w|Y Combinator (company)|Y-Combinator}}, and the United States' [[National Science Foundation]], {{w|United States Department of Energy|Department of Energy}}, and {{w|United States Office of Naval Research|Office of Naval Research}}.

    {{haveyoursay}}

    == Sources ==
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.nature.com/articles/s41893-019-0421-0
    |title = Viscoelastic solid-repellent coatings for extreme water saving and global sanitation (Abstract only)
    |author = Jing Wang, Lin Wang, Nan Sun, Ross Tierney, Hui Li, Margo Corsetti, Leon Williams, Pak Kin Wong, Tak-Sing Wong
    |pub = Nature Sustainability
    |pubtarget = Nature (journal)#Publication
    |date = November 18, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-11/ps-nst111419.php
    |title = New, slippery toilet coating provides cleaner flushing, saves water
    |author = Penn State
    |pub = Eurekalert
    |date = November 18, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/superslippery-toilets-squash-water-wastage/
    |title = Superslippery Toilets Squash Water Wastage
    |author = Vivianne Callier
    |pub = Scientific American
    |date = November 18, 2019
    }}

    [[Category:Pennsylvania State University]]
    [[Category:Environment]]
    [[Category:Science and technology]]
    [[Category:Biology]]
    [[Category:United States]]
    [[Category:Pennsylvania]]
    [[Category:North America]]

    {{Publish}}


  • Ancient Egyptians collected wild ibis birds for sacrifice, says study

    DannyS712: clean up template


    {{Biology}}
    {{date|November 16, 2019}}

    In findings published on Wednesday in the journal ''{{w|PLOS ONE}}'', an international team of scientists report {{w|Ancient Egypt|ancient Egyptians}} captured {{w|Sacred Ibis|sacred ibises}} (''{{w|Threskiornis aethiopicus}}''<!--study itself-->) from the wild for use in ritual sacrifice rather than domesticating the birds.
    [[File:Threskiornis_aethiopicus.jpg|thumb|left|A sacred ibis at the Honolulu zoo.{{image|cliff1066}}]]

    Millions of mummified ibis birds have been found in [[Egypt]]ian tombs and catacombs in {{w|Saqqara}} and {{w|Tuna el-Gebel}}, and Egyptologists have reported they were sacrificed to the god {{w|Thoth}}, who is often depicted with the head of an ibis, the way {{w|Horus}} is shown with the head of a falcon and {{w|Bastet|Bast}} with the head of a cat.

    Lead author Sally Wasef of [[Australia]]'s {{w|Griffith University}} explained to the press, "The ibis was considered [to represent] the god Thoth, the god of wisdom, the god of magic, the god of judgment, writing all sorts of things [...] If you had a boss that annoys you and you don't feel like you are getting a good judgment from him or you want fairness and justice, you go and ask Thoth to interfere and in return you promise to offer him an ibis, a mummified ibis, in his annual feast."

    Some scholars have suggested Egyptians raised or farmed the birds to make them available in the necessary numbers. While some ancient Egyptian writers made passing mention of feeding bread and plants to ibises, according to Wasef archaeologists have not yet turned up any hatchery structures.<!--Guardian-->

    The team collected DNA samples from mummified birds collected from six separate catacombs including sites at {{w|Abydos}}, Saqqara, and Tuna el-Gebel with permission from the Egyptian Ministry of State for Antiquity, and several museums offered to send tissue samples from the mummified ibises in their collections. They were able to extract complete {{w|mitochondrial DNA}} sequences from fourteen. These they compared to those of 26 modern ibises from different parts of [[Africa]] &mdash; ibises of this species disappeared from Egypt itself during modern times<!--study itself CTRL-F "1850"-->. They found the DNA sequences from the ancient birds to be relatively diverse. If the birds had been domesticated or even heavily farmed, they reasoned, the Egyptian specimens would have shown only a little genetic diversity.

    Wasif suggested, in likelihood, "next to each temple there was like a lake or a wetland &mdash; it is a natural habitat for the ibis to live in and if you are giving them food they will keep coming[.]"

    According to the researchers, sacrifice and mummification of sacred ibises was common in Egypt from about 664 b.c.e. to 250 c.e., from the twenty-sixth dynasty into the early period of {{w|Roman Egypt}}.<!--numbers from the press release; what they mean from the study itself-->

    {{haveyoursay}}
    == Sources ==

    *{{source
    |url = https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-11/p-aeg110719.php
    |title = Ancient Egyptians gathered birds from the wild for sacrifice and mummification
    |author = {{w|PLOS}}
    |pub = Eurekalert.org
    |date = November 14, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.theguardian.com/science/2019/nov/13/experts-crack-mystery-ancient-egypt-sacred-bird-mummies
    |title = Experts crack mystery of ancient Egypt's sacred bird mummies
    |author = Nicola Davis
    |pub = The Guardian
    |date = November 14, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0223964
    |title = Mitogenomic diversity in Sacred Ibis Mummies sheds light on early Egyptian practices
    |author = Sally Wasef, Sankar Subramanian, Richard O’Rorke, Leon Huynen, Samia El-Marghani, Caitlin Curtis, Alex Popinga, Barbara Holland, Salima Ikram, Craig Millar, Eske Willerslev, David Lambert
    |pub = PLOS ONE
    |date = November 13, 2019
    }}

    [[Category:Science and technology]]
    [[Category:Genetics]]
    [[Category:Archaeology]]
    [[Category:Australia]]
    [[Category:History]]
    [[Category:Egypt]]
    [[Category:Africa]]
    [[Category:Middle East]]
    [[Category:Religion]]
    [[Category:Biology]]
    [[Category:Anthropology and archaeology]]

    {{Publish}}


  • Chinese University of Hong Kong in chaos as protests continue

    Pi zero: why? this was a problem noted on review... - Undo revision 4528522 by DimensionShifter (talk)


    {{tasks|news|npov|mos|re-review}}{{date|November 13, 2019}}
    {{Hong Kong}}

    Yesterday<!--On Tuesday-->, {{w|The Chinese University of Hong Kong}}, one of the top universities in [[Hong Kong]], was in clash after riot police stormed the campus and used tear gas on the second consecutive day. Protestors threw bricks and Molotov cocktails back in response.

    [[File:DSCF1429 (49036759928).jpg|thumb|left|Protestors mourn deceased 22-year-old student {{image|Studio Incendo}}]]

    Yesterday's<!--Tuesday's--> events were a part of the {{w|2019 Hong Kong protests|series of protests}} that have lasted for five months. The death of a 22-year-old student who fell off a parking garage while escaping from tear gas triggered the further protests. Parts of the university campus were in flames as tension continues to build up between riot police and raging protestors.

    Meanwhile, other parts of the city have come to a standstill as protestors block traffic in major road junctions and interrupt train services.

    The situation in the campus further deteriorated after nightfall, as more students were injured by bullets fired by riot police. The police fired tear gas when {{w|Rocky Tuan}}, the Vice-chancellor of the University, attempted to negotiate with them.

    {{haveyoursay}}

    == Related news ==
    *{{wikinews|Hong Kong's Carrie Lam delivers speech on video after protests in legislature|October 16, 2019}}

    == Sources ==

    *{{source
    |url = https://www.hongkongfp.com/2019/11/12/cuhk-turns-battleground-protesters-police-clashes-rage-across-hong-kong-universities/
    |title = CUHK turns into battleground between protesters and police as clashes rage on across Hong Kong universities
    |author = Kris Cheng & Holmes Chan
    |pub = Hong Kong Free Press
    |date = November 12, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://news.rthk.hk/rthk/en/component/k2/1491673-20191112.htm
    |title = Tear gas, rubber bullets, petrol bombs fly at CUHK
    |author =
    |pub = RTHK
    |date = November 12, 2019
    }}

    [[Category:Hong Kong]]
    [[Category:China]]
    [[Category:Asia]]
    [[Category:2019 Hong Kong protests]]
    [[Category:Politics and conflicts]]


  • Patrash Hembrom

    Pi zero: tag


    {{cleanup|
    * No sources are provided.
    * No [[WN:Focus|current event]] is provided.
    * Doesn't use news style.
    * Please see [[WN:PILLARS]], then [[WN:WRITE]].
    }}{{develop}}
    {{date|November 12, 2019}}

    [[File:Patrash Hembrom|10.5px|frame|right|Hunter]]

    There was a poor family in the village named Arnibil. The village was much developed before one century. There by after 50 years the village came under the capture of terrorist very badly, however peoples were treated by this vanished peoples very badly. These conclusion continued till 5-6 years. However the government of Assam handled this solution. After handling by military and police force continuously 5-7 years, and then the rules of terrorist has come to end slowly. Moreover the much affected person in this village was Patrash Hembrom although he was a hunter. Although he was hunting wild animals that was a crime for the government. He was doing this because of his family because all the food which was earned through farming of grain. The terrorist used to take all the farming this that times, Therefore he used to hunt wild animals from the Himalayan forest to served his family. Patrash Hembrom was very rich in that village before. All the peoples of this village likes him because he was a humble and honest person. By the way the terrorist used to come daily in the village and the house of Patrash Hembrom was the scared place for them because they used to come and show their gun and make the people of this family aware. And they used to do all the footing and lounging in this family house. Because one of the person who was a member of this family was Patrash Hembrom's wife younger brother, that's why they used to come in his house. Anyhow the noticed was known by military force that all the terrorist used to come and stay at Patrash Hembrom house, suddenly they came to catch all the terrorist, before the military comes all the terrorist ran away and the military arrested the honest man Patrash Hembrom. They treated very badly to Patrash Hembrom to known where all the terrorist went but the honest man didn't tell the truth. Anyway they took him to prison. During that situation his little son was 2 years old. They treated very badly in prison. All the property was taken by government saying that the property was terrorist things. After the rescue from jail he was an able to do any works how he worked before. Because all the body was injured by doing electric sock. Now he cannot walk and any work for his family because his both leg is damage through electric sock. From this situation the poorness has come to his family now. However his all the family members are very happy now and they lived happily now also.
    That is known as Happy family

    {{haveyoursay}}
    == Sources ==
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  • SpaceX starlink launch

    Pi zero: now redundant to {{tasks}}


    {{tasks|src|mos|re-review}}{{date|November 12, 2019}}

    Today was another successful launch of starlink communication satellites in this launch their was 60 small starlink satellites. These satellites are ion propelled and have 1 long solar panel of to one side the satellites will change their orbits so there is always a satellite above America Elon Musk hopes to grow the starlink fleet and recently posted a Twitter post using starlink

    If you want to learn more go to spaceX’s website and watch the replay

    {{haveyoursay}}
    == Sources ==
    *{{source|url=
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  • Hole in Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search affects milestones report

    Pi zero: tags


    {{cleanup|
    * This appears to contain much information not in the cited source. See [[Wikinews:Pillars of writing]], then [[Wikinews:Writing an article]].
    }}{{develop}}{{date|November 8, 2019}}

    As of Friday afternoon, there is a bug on the Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search Milestones page. According to the page, the exponent below which all smaller exponents have been verified is 48,500,017. This is unusual because this exponent was in fact verified with the PRP test on August 27, 2018. It is unusual for an exponent below to be verified with PRP before being verified with Lucas-Lehmer. In fact, this is unprecedented for exponents below 60 million (60,000,000). All exponents below 49 million have been verified, with the sole exception of 48,641,447.

    {{haveyoursay}}

    == Sources ==

    *{{source
    |url = https://www.mersenne.org/report_milestones
    |title =
    |author =
    |pub =
    |date = <!-- in the form of MONTH, DATE, YEAR, example: May 10, 2017 -->
    }}
    *{{source
    |url =
    |title =
    |author =
    |pub =
    |date = <!-- in the form of MONTH, DATE, YEAR, example: May 10, 2017 -->
    }}


  • Hungarian SOE acquires Hirtenberger Defence Group

    Xbspiro: adding a fair use image, and linking two related German-language articles


    {{date|November 7, 2019}}
    {{Politics and conflicts}}

    On Monday<!--November 4-->, [[Hungary|Hungarian]] daily newspaper {{w|Magyar Nemzet}} revealed a deal whereby, on October 29, Hungarian {{w|state-owned enterprise}} HDT Védelmi Ipari Kft. (HDT Limited) acquired [[Austria|Austrian]] mortar and shell manufacturer Hirtenberger Defence Group. Hirtenberger Defence Group also acknowledged the deal.

    [[File:Hirtenberger M12 (120mm mortar) setup.jpg|thumb|left|A Hirtenberger M12 (120mm mortar) field setup. {{image|paren=yes|Hirtenberger Holding GmbH, [[Austria]]}}]]
    In the deal, Austrian, [[United Kingdom]] and [[New Zealand]] production sites are to be kept, with market sales expected to cover for the price in the long run. A government-guaranteed loan covered the costs, but the exact figure was kept secret.

    The November 4 issue of ''Magyar Nemzet'' published an interview with Gáspár Maróth, the Hungarian Government commissioner responsible for defence, defence industries and coordinating defence modernization, in which the deal was announced. On the same day, the Hirtenberger Defence Group issued a corresponding press release.

    While not naming any other bidders, Maróth said the Hungarian bid won after lengthy negotiations, out of mulitple competing offers. He said he expects no political turmoil between the neighboring Austria and Hungary over the sale. He also noted the acquisition fits into the Hungarian {{translated quote|hu|Hungarian language|tőkekihelyezési|outward investment}} strategy of Prime Minister [[Viktor Orbán]].

    The Austrian partner asked for the price to be kept secret, but the commissioner stated the purchase was financed by a loan, so it is not a burden on the state budget. With government resolution No. 1430/2019, the state issued an indemnity bond to cover for HDT's 38.8 million [[euro]] loan, and daily ''{{w|Népszava}}'' covered the story with a headline pointing out that amount as the presumed price. The creditor {{w|Hungarian Development Bank}} is state-owned as well. Already-queued orders won't leave idle capacity for some years, Maróth said, and paying back this loan seems realistic; unnamed industry experts called this dubious to ''Népszava'', as the market is saturated and margins are thin, while noting this kind of equipment is needed by the {{w|Hungarian Defence Forces|Defence Forces}}.

    The company structure remains unchanged and all sites continue to operate, but Hungarian engineers are to join the research and development team. Maróth pointed out it would have been much more costly and time-consuming to research mortar technology than to acquire it this way. He noted, {{translated quote|hu|Hungarian language|a haderő modernizációja a „vas” megvétele mellett a tudástranszferre is kiterjed.|the army modernization does not just cover buying 'hardware' but technology transfer as well.}}

    ''Népszava'' noted the purchase appeared to circumvent the {{w|Minister of Defence (Hungary)|Ministry of Defence}}. HDT Limited was registered on August 6, 2019 and is under the aegis of ''Hungarian National Asset Management, Inc.''

    To modernize its military, in 2018, Hungary licensed {{w|Česká zbrojovka Uherský Brod|Czech firearm technology}} and started assembling firearms in {{w|Kiskunfélegyháza}}, then agreed with [[Airbus]] to open a helicopter parts factory as a joint venture in {{w|Gyula}}.

    US President [[Donald Trump|Trump]] has called for [[NATO]] members to increase military spending. According to a March 14, 2019 NATO press release, Hungary spent an estimated 1.15% of its GDP on military expenditures in 2018; NATO guidelines call for 2%. Maróth noted the military had been {{translated quote|hu|Hungarian language|gyakorlatilag lefegyverzett|effectively disarmed}} by 2010, when Viktor Orbán regained the prime ministry of Hungary for his second term. Hungary launched a military development program dubbed "Zrínyi 2026" in 2017 to address structural and financial challenges faced by the Defence Force and to renew its equipment.

    {{haveyoursay}}
    == Sources ==

    *{{source
    |url = https://hds.hirtenberger.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/2019-11-04_Press-Release-HDS.pdf
    |title = Press Release
    |author =
    |pub = Hirtenberger Defence Systems
    |pubtarget = no
    |date = November 4, 2019
    |medium = pdf
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://bbj.hu/business/govt-buys-arms-company-hds_173554
    |title = Govʼt buys arms company HDS
    |author =
    |pub = Budapest Business Journal
    |date = November 4, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://magyarnemzet.hu/belfold/patinas-osztrak-hadiipari-ceget-vasarolt-a-magyar-allam-7457474/
    |title = Patinás osztrák hadiipari céget vásárolt a magyar állam
    |author = Károly Villányi
    |pub = Magyar Nemzet
    |date = November 4, 2019
    |lang = hu
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://nepszava.hu/3055889_orbanek-13-milliardert-vettek-meg-az-osztrak-fegyvergyarat
    |title = Orbánék 13 milliárdért vették meg az osztrák fegyvergyárat
    |author = Zoltán Batka, Zsolt Papp
    |pub = Népszava
    |date = November 4, 2019
    |lang = hu
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://net.jogtar.hu/jogszabaly?docid=A19H1430.KOR&timeshift=fffffff4&txtreferer=00000001.TXT
    |title = 1430/2019. (VII. 26.) Korm. határozat [Government resolution No. 1430/2019]
    |author =
    |pub = Hungarian Government
    |date = July 26, 2019
    |lang = hu
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.airbus.com/newsroom/press-releases/en/2019/05/airbus-helicopters-and-hungarian-government-to-establish-manufacturing-site-in-gyula.html
    |title = Airbus Helicopters and Hungarian Government to establish manufacturing site in Gyula
    |author =
    |pub = Airbus
    |date = May 28, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.euronews.com/2019/03/14/nato-pledge-which-european-countries-spend-over-2-of-gdp-on-defence
    |title = NATO pledge: Which European countries spend over 2% of GDP on defence?
    |author = Michael-Ross Fiorentino
    |pub = Euronews
    |date = March 14, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.nato.int/nato_static_fl2014/assets/pdf/pdf_2019_03/190314-pr2018-34-eng.pdf
    |title = Defence Expenditure of NATO Countries (2011-2018)
    |author =
    |pub = NATO
    |date = March 14, 2019
    |medium = pdf
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.kormany.hu/en/ministry-of-defence/news/zrinyi-2026-programme-to-begin
    |title = Zrínyi 2026 Programme to begin
    |author =
    |pub = Ministry of Defence (Hungary)
    |date = December 22, 2016
    }}

    ==Further reading==
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.derstandard.at/story/2000110649621/ungarischer-staat-kauft-munitionsproduktion-von-hirtenberger
    |title = Ungarn kauft Munitionsproduktion von Hirtenberger
    |author =
    |pub = Der Standard
    |date = November 4, 2019
    |lang = de
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.derstandard.at/story/2000106276792/wie-munitionserzeuger-hirtenberger-friedlich-werden-will
    |title = Munitionserzeuger Hirtenberger will friedlich werden
    |author = Renate Graber
    |pub = Der Standard
    |date = July 15, 2019
    |lang = de
    }}

    {{Publish}}

    [[Category:Europe]]
    [[Category:Oceania]]
    [[Category:Austria]]
    [[Category:Hungary]]
    [[Category:New Zealand]]
    [[Category:United Kingdom]]
    [[Category:NATO]]
    [[Category:Military]]
    [[Category:Politics and conflicts]]


  • Protests continue in Iraq

    Pi zero: added Category:Mosul using HotCat


    {{Iraq}}
    {{date|November 10, 2019}}

    On Friday, the {{w|Combined Joint Task Force Operation Inherent Resolve}} released a statement saying an attack that day on an [[Iraq]]i air base housing [[U.S.]] military personnel near {{w|Mosul}} produced no casualties.

    A spokesperson told the ''{{w|Military Times Media Group|Military Times}}'' the attack took place at about 7:45 p.m. "No Coalition troops were injured. We appreciate the Iraqi Security Forces immediate response and investigation. Coalition forces are in Iraq at the invitation of the Government of Iraq to defeat ISIS remnants;" read the statement; "we will not be deterred by these attacks and maintain the right to defend ourselves."<!--Army Times--> Seventeen rockets struck near the base, according to Iraqi military.

    No organization immediately claimed credit for the attack, but some Iraqi militias associated with [[Iran]] had made threats against U.S. personnel.<!--Military Times; the source says people, not "citizens" (not all Americans serving in the military are citizens) not military forces, so "U.S." does not work as a replacement--> The base is home to U.S. troops there to eliminate [[Islamic State]] elements in cooperation with Iraqi security forces.

    This took place as anti-government protests continue in [[Baghdad]] and through the southern part of Iraq. Protesters have claimed [[Iran]], especially, amongst other outside parties, is unduly influencing their government and inducing politicians to act against Iraq's interests. Their demands have included dissolving Parliament, appointing an election committee whose members are selected irrespective of party affiliation, and a clear date set for new elections.<!--Al Jazeera--> Protests are not reported in Mosul, in northern Iraq.<!--Military Times-->

    The protests began in early October, then went quiet for a few weeks,<!--Al Jazeera--> before resuming in late October. The news agency ''[[Agence France-Presse|AFP]]'' has placed the protester death count in the hundreds.

    The current government of Iraq was established in 2003 after a U.S.-led coalition ousted [[Saddam Hussein]]. Iraq has some of the largest oil reserves of any country in the world, but a large portion of its populace suffers from power outages and lack of economic opportunity. U.S. troops left Iraq in 2011, then at the Iraqi government's request returned three years later. There are reportedly about 5000 U.S. troops now in the country.<!--Military Times-->

    {{haveyoursay}}

    == Sources ==
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.armytimes.com/news/your-army/2019/11/08/rockets-hit-iraq-base-with-us-troops-no-word-on-casualties/
    |title = No casualties in rocket attack on Iraq base with US troops
    |author = Qassim Abdul-Zahra ([[Associated Press]])
    |pub = Army Times
    |date = November 8, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.reuters.com/article/us-iraq-security/rockets-land-near-iraqi-base-hosting-us-forces-no-casualties-iraqi-military-idUSKBN1XI28S
    |title = Rockets land near Iraqi base hosting U.S. forces, no casualties: Iraqi military
    |author = Jamal Badrani and John Davison
    |pub = Reuters
    |date = November 8, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.foxnews.com/world/iraq-internet-baghdad-protests-deadly
    |title = Iraq cuts off Internet access in Baghdad, southern regions as protests leave 3 more dead
    |author = Greg Norman
    |pub = Fox News
    |date = November 5, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/11/protesters-killed-south-iraq-pressure-gov-mounts-191105102107761.html
    |title = Deadly violence continues as Iraq protests escalate
    |author =
    |pub = Al Jazeera
    |date = November 5, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.france24.com/en/20191105-iraq-cuts-off-internet-as-renewed-anti-government-protests-escalate-1
    |title = Iraq cuts off internet as anti-government protests escalate
    |author = [[Agence France-Presse|AFP]]
    |pub = France 24
    |date = November 5, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.npr.org/2019/11/05/776051741/they-have-stolen-everything-from-us-iraqs-anti-government-protests-continue
    |title = 'They Have Stolen Everything from Us': Iraq's Anti-Government Protests Continue
    |author = Jane Arraf
    |pub = NPR
    |date = November 5, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.reuters.com/article/us-iraq-protests/at-least-13-killed-as-iraq-resumes-live-gunfire-against-protesters-idUSKBN1XF0X8
    |title = Iraqi forces shoot dead 13 protesters in renewed crackdown
    |author = Ahmed Aboulenein and Raya Jalabi
    |pub = Reuters
    |date = November 5, 2019
    }}

    {{Publish}}

    [[Category:Middle East]]
    [[Category:Iraq]]
    [[Category:Iran]]
    [[Category:North America]]
    [[Category:United States]]
    [[Category:Politics and conflicts]]
    [[Category:Mosul]]


  • O’Rourke ends US presidential bid

    Świętokrzyskie3: edit


    {{2020 United States presidential election}}
    [[File:Beto O'Rourke April 2019.jpg|thumb|left|O'Rourke in April 2019 {{image|paren=yes|Gage Skidmore}}]]
    {{date|November 4, 2019}}

    On Friday, {{w|Beto O'Rourke}}, who was a candidate in the [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]] primary for the [[2020 United States presidential election]], announced the end of his campaign. He made his announcement via a post on {{w|Medium (website)|Medium}}, in which thanked his supporters.

    O'Rourke dropped out ahead of the upcoming Democratic primary debate scheduled for November 20 in [[Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia]]. According to reports, O'Rourke was not qualifying for the debate; two weeks before the November 13 deadline, O'Rourke had only reached 3 percent support in two qualifying polls, of which four are needed.

    O'Rourke made [[gun control]] a key issue of his campaign. After a mass shooting near the border in August, the O'Rourke campaign cancelled events as O'Rourke returned home [[El Paso, Texas|El Paso]], [[Texas]], where he is a former City Councillor. A month later, during the third primary debate, O'Rourke defended his proposal of a mandatory buyback program, saying that "Hell yes, we’re going to take your {{w|AR-15}}."

    Reports said O'Rourke, a former [[US House of Representatives|United States Representative]] who gained national recognition during his 2018 run for [[US Senate|Senate]] against [[Ted Cruz]], does not plan to run for Senate in 2020.

    {{haveyoursay}}
    {{clear|left}}
    == Sources ==

    *{{source
    |url = https://www.texastribune.org/2019/11/01/beto-orourke-drops-out-presidential-race/
    |title = Beto O'Rourke drops out of presidential race
    |author = Patrick Svitek and Emma Platoff
    |pub = Texas Tribune
    |date = November 1, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.politico.com/news/2019/11/01/orourke-drops-out-of-2020-race-064032
    |title = Beto O'Rourke drops out of 2020 race
    |author = David Siders
    |pub = Politico
    |date = November 1, 2019
    }}

    == External links ==
    *{{source
    |url = https://medium.com/@BetoORourke/thank-you-b13458279468
    |title = Thank you.
    |author = Beto O'Rourke
    |pub = Medium
    |pubtarget = Medium (website)
    |date = November 1, 2019
    }}

    [[Category:North America]]
    [[Category:United States]]
    [[Category:Texas]]
    [[Category:El Paso, Texas]]
    [[Category:Politics and conflicts]]
    [[Category:Gun politics]]
    [[Category:Democracy & Elections]]
    [[Category:2020 United States presidential election]]
    [[Category:Democratic Party (United States)]]
    [[Category:US House of Representatives]]
    [[Category:US Senate]]
    [[Category:DannyS712 (Wikinewsie)]]

    {{Publish}}


  • US Senator Kay Hagan dies at age 66

    DannyS712: added Category:DannyS712 (Wikinewsie) using HotCat


    {{date|October 29, 2019}}
    {{Obituaries}}
    Yesterday<!--On Monday-->, former [[United States]] [[US Senate|Senator]] [[Kay Hagan]] died, according to a statement released by her family.<!--CNN--> Hagan, [[North Carolina]]'s first female [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]] Senator, was 66.<!--CNN-->
    [[File:Kay Hagan official photo (cropped).jpg|thumb|left|Hagan in 2009 {{image|[[US Senate]]}}]]

    Hagan, first elected to Congress in 2008, was born on May 26, 1953 in {{w|Shelby, North Carolina|Shelby}}, North Carolina.<!--AP--> She received her undergraduate degree in 1975 from {{w|Florida State University}}, and then graduated from {{w|Wake Forest University}} in 1978 with a law degree.<!--AP-->

    In 1998, following ten years working for {{w|NationsBank}}, Hagan successfully ran for a seat in North Carolina's state Senate.<!--AP--> A decade later, in 2008, Hagan defeated incumbent [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]] US Senator {{w|Elizabeth Dole}}<!--AP--> to become the first female Democratic US Senator from North Carolina.<!--CNN--> She served for one term before losing reelection to {{w|Thom Tillis}}, a Republican, in 2014.<!--CNN-->

    According to Sadie Weiner, Hagan's former spokeswoman, Hagan died from {{w|Powassan virus}}, a {{w|flavivirus}}, leading to encephalitis (brain inflammation).<!--AP-->

    {{haveyoursay}}
    {{clear|left}}
    == Sources ==

    *{{source<!--CNN-->
    |url = https://www.cnn.com/2019/10/28/politics/kay-hagan-dead-north-carolina-senator/
    |title = Former North Carolina Sen. Kay Hagan dead at 66
    |author = Devan Cole and Manu Raju
    |pub = CNN
    |date = October 28, 2019
    }}
    *{{source<!--AP-->
    |url = https://www.politico.com/news/2019/10/28/former-north-carolina-senator-kay-hagan-dies-060172
    |title = Former North Carolina U.S. Senator Kay Hagan dies
    |author = [[Associated Press|AP]]
    |pub = Politico
    |date = October 28, 2019
    }}

    [[Category:North America]]
    [[Category:United States]]
    [[Category:North Carolina]]
    [[Category:Obituaries]]
    [[Category:Politics and conflicts]]
    [[Category:Democratic Party (United States)]]
    [[Category:US Senate]]
    [[Category:Kay Hagan]]
    [[Category:DannyS712 (Wikinewsie)]]

    {{Publish}}


  • US Representative John Conyers dies at age 90

    Pi zero: Pi zero moved page US Representative John Conyers dies at age 90 to Former US Representative John Conyers dies at age 90: correction (oversight during review; needful, despite our dislike of renaming after publication)


    {{date|October 28, 2019}}
    {{obituaries}}
    Yesterday<!--On Sunday-->, former [[United States]] [[US House of Representatives|Representative]] [[John Conyers]] died in his sleep, according to a family spokesperson.<!--CBS--> Conyers, the former [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]] {{w|Dean of the United States House of Representatives|Dean of the House of Representatives}}, was 90.<!--NPR-->
    [[File:John Conyers official photo (cropped).jpg|thumb|left|Conyers in 2017 {{image|[[U.S. Congress]]}}]]

    John James Conyers Jr., first elected to Congress in 1964, was born in {{w|Detroit}}, [[Michigan]], in 1929.<!--CBS--> After serving in the {{w|Korean War}}, he attended {{w|Wayne State University}},<!--CBS--> receiving both a bachelor's degree and a law degree.<!--NBC--> He worked for three years for Representative {{w|John Dingell}} as an aide.<!--NBC-->

    Conyers ran for Congress in 1964, winning by a margin of 108 votes.<!--NBC--> He took office 1965, and spent the next five decades in Congress.<!--CBS--> He spent his time in the House promoting civil rights legislation, and from 1965 {{w|Rosa Parks}} worked for his Detroit office for 23 years, till her retirement.<!--NPR--> Starting in 1968, he spent 15 years fighting for {{w|Martin Luther King Jr. Day}} to be a federal holiday; President [[Ronald Reagan]] signed Conyers's bill into law in 1983.<!--CBS-->

    In 1971, Conyers co-founded the {{w|Congressional Black Caucus}}.<!--CBS--> He served as a member of the {{w|United States House Committee on Oversight and Reform|House Oversight Committee}} until 1995, then joined the {{w|United States House Committee on the Judiciary|House Judiciary Committee}}.<!--CBS--> He served as the chair of the Judiciary Committee while the Democratic party controlled the House from 2007 until 2011, and remained a member of the committee until he retired in 2017.<!--CBS--> According to [[Associated Press]], Conyers was unique on the Judiciary Committee in having participated in the impeachment hearings of two different Presidents, {{w|Richard Nixon}}, in 1972, and [[Bill Clinton]], in 1998.<!--NBC-->

    In 2017, after sexual misconduct allegations came to light, Conyers resigned,<!--NPR--> referencing health issues.<!--NBC--> At the time, he had served in Congress longer than any other then-current member, earning him the distinction of Dean of the House of Representatives.<!--NBC--> [[NPR]] reported he had also served in Congress longer than any other African American, current or past.<!--NPR-->

    {{haveyoursay}}

    == Sources ==

    *{{source<!--NBC-->
    |url = https://www.nbcnews.com/news/obituaries/john-conyers-longest-serving-black-congressman-dies-90-n1072591
    |title = John Conyers, longest serving black congressman, dies at 90
    |author = [[Associated Press|AP]]
    |pub = NBC News
    |date = October 28, 2019
    }}
    *{{source<!--CBS-->
    |url = https://www.cbsnews.com/news/john-conyers-died-longest-serving-black-congressman-dead-age-90-cause-of-death-natural-causes-2019-10-27/
    |title = John Conyers, longtime congressman, has died at age 90
    |author = Caroline Linton
    |pub = CBS News
    |date = October 27, 2019
    }}
    *{{source<!--NPR-->
    |url = https://www.npr.org/2019/10/27/773919009/john-conyers-jr-who-represented-michigan-for-5-decades-dies-at-90
    |title = John Conyers Jr., Who Represented Michigan For 5 Decades, Dies at 90
    |author = Laurel Wamsley
    |pub = NPR
    |date = October 27, 2019
    }}

    [[Category:North America]]
    [[Category:United States]]
    [[Category:Michigan]]
    [[Category:Obituaries]]
    [[Category:Politics and conflicts]]
    [[Category:Democratic Party (United States)]]
    [[Category:US House of Representatives]]
    [[Category:John Conyers]]
    [[Category:DannyS712 (Wikinewsie)]]

    {{Publish}}


  • US announces restrictions on flying to Cuba

    BD2412: No reason it can't be both; more specifically, the imposition of a restriction by a government agency raises this above mere politics, and makes it law, and violation of the same a crime.


    {{date|October 27, 2019}}
    {{Cuba}}
    On Friday<!--October 25-->, the [[United States]] {{w|United States Department of Transportation|Department of Transportation}} announced new restrictions on flights to [[Cuba]]. The new policy, which is to take effect on December 10, prohibits all flights to Cuba, with the exception of flights to the international airport in [[Havana]].
    [[File:Mike Pompeo official photo (cropped).jpg|thumb|left|160px|Pompeo, 2018 {{image|paren=yes|{{w|United States Department of State|USDoS}}}}]]
    [[File:Elaine Chao official portrait 2 (cropped).jpg|thumb|left|160px|Chao, 2019 {{image|paren=yes|{{w|United States Department of Transportation|USDoT}}}}]]
    US {{w|United States Secretary of State|Secretary of State}} [[Mike Pompeo]] sent a letter requesting the new rules to {{w|Elaine Chao}}, the {{w|United States Secretary of Transportation|Secretary of Transportation}}; the new rules were released later the same day. In the letter, Pompeo cited the Cuban government's "ongoing repression of the Cuban people and its support for {{w|Nicolás Maduro}} in [[Venezuela]]" as his motivation. The new regulations do not apply to {{w|José Martí International Airport}}, for which Pompeo requested an exemption.

    {{w|Bruno Parrilla}}, the foreign affairs minister of Cuba, responded to the new rules via [[Twitter]]: "I strongly reject new #US blockade measure that bans #US airlines' flights to 9 Cuban airports [...] they won't extract any concession from us. We shall overcome!"

    According to [[CBS]], the delayed implementation of the new policy provides airlines with 45 days to wind down Cuban operations. [[American Airlines]] and {{w|JetBlue}} are among the airlines affected, as they both offer flights to Cuban cities other than Havana.

    The move was the [[Donald Trump|Trump]] administration's latest application of pressure on Cuba's government, following improved bilateral relations during the presidency of [[Barack Obama]].

    {{haveyoursay}}

    == Related news ==
    * {{wikinews|U.S. Congress considers lifting Cuba travel ban|March 31, 2009}}

    == Sources ==

    *{{source
    |url = https://www.cbsnews.com/news/cuba-travel-ban-u-s-bans-flights-to-majority-of-cuban-cities/
    |title = U.S. bans flights to all Cuban cities except Havana
    |author = Li Cohen
    |pub = CBS News
    |date = October 25, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://www.nbcnews.com/news/latino/u-s-bans-all-flights-cuba-outside-havana-latest-crackdown-n1072306
    |title = U.S. bans all flights to Cuba outside Havana in latest crackdown
    |author = Doha Madani and Josh Lederman
    |pub = NBC News
    |date = October 25, 2019
    }}
    *{{source
    |url = https://havanatimes.org/news/trump-ends-flights-from-us-to-most-cuban-airports/
    |title = Trump Ends Flights from US to Most Cuban Airports
    |author =
    |pub = Havana Times
    |date = October 25, 2019
    }}

    {{Publish}}

    [[Category:North America]]
    [[Category:United States]]
    [[Category:Caribbean]]
    [[Category:Cuba]]
    [[Category:Havana]]
    [[Category:Venezuela]]
    [[Category:Transport]]
    [[Category:Aviation]]
    [[Category:American Airlines]]
    [[Category:Mike Pompeo]]
    [[Category:Donald Trump]]
    [[Category:DannyS712 (Wikinewsie)]]
    [[Category:Politics and conflicts]]
    [[Category:Crime and law]]